For a long time there has been control and maintenance of the standards for the teaching profession of Thailand - long before many of the current professions of higher status. The Council was initially founded for teachers to meet and be trained to develop knowledge and competence at “Wittaya Sathan” (a place of knowledge) at Sikakprayasri (Praya Sri intersection), which grew and developed into “Sapha Thai Yajarn” (a place for the Council of the teachers) and was established in 2547 B.E. as “Samakayajarn Samakom” (The Teacher Association). Later, after the Teachers’ Council of Thailand (KHURUSAPHA) had been established, the accumulation of work and property of “Samakayajarn Samakom” was merged with those of KHURUSAPHA. Hence, KHURUSAPHA is the leading organization for the teaching profession of Thailand with the powers and duties to control and maintain the standards of knowledge of those in the profession of education.
In B.E. 2488, the government with Mr.Kuang Apaiwongsa as the Prime Minister and Mr. Tawee Boonyaket as the Minister of the Ministry of Education, realized the critical problem with the teaching profession, which is that the best and brightest did not want to be teachers and a great number of these teachers had left the teaching profession for other professions. TheTeachers Act, B.E. 2488, was then enacted to solve this critical problem with the following principle: to establish a council in the Ministry of Education called “KHURUSAPHA”(The Council of Teachers), being a legal entity with the powers and duties to give opinions concerning policy for education and general studies to the Ministry of Education, to supervise and monitor the teachers codes of ethics and disciplines, to keep the benefits and promote the status of the teachers and their families with reasonable help, to promote teachers’ knowledge and unity and to represent the Office of the Civil Service Commission concerning the personnel administration, requiring all teachers to be members of KHURUSAPHA.
Later on, the National Education Act B.E. 2542 was enacted for a major reform of the educational system, KHURUSAPHA adapted their role to correspond with it. In B.E. 2546, the government, with Police Lieutenant Colonel Thaksin Shainnawatara as the Prime Minister and Mr.Pongpol Adireksarn as the Minister of the Ministry of Education, enacted the Teachers and Educational Personnel Council Act B.E. 2546, which has been in force since 12 June B.E. 2546, changing the former KHURUSAPHA according to the Teachers Act B.E. 2488, into the Teachers and Educational Personnel Council, but also retaining the name “KHURUSAPHA” or The Teachers Council of Thailand. KHURUSAPHA is a council for teachers and educational personnel, founded according to the Teachers and Educational Personnel Council Act B.E. 2546 to establish professional standards, issue and revoke Licenses for Professional Practice, and monitor and supervise practices according to the Standards and Ethics of the Profession, including develop the Education Profession, raising it to an honorable level.